The lack of all teeth is one of the biggest dental problems and as such strongly affects the quality of life of patients. A classic denture will solve this problem if we cannot use a better implant solution or as a more economical option.

What will you learn in this article?

What kind of dentures are there?

Dentures are mobile prostheses. This means that they are not permanently fixed and the patient can take them out and put them back in their mouth.

We differentiate between solutions that replace all teeth, so-called full or complete dentures, and solutions that replace individual teeth, so-called partial  dentures.

Complete and partial dentures

There are also fixed dentures, but they belong to implant-prosthetic solutions, as they combine the installation of dental implants and prosthesis.

It is an implant solution All-on-4, which is explained in detail on our website “All-on-4, a dental bridge on implants”.

Our clinic specializes in dental prosthetics with half a century of tradition based on dental prosthetics.

We will surely find a quality, affordable and long-lasting solution for your lack of teeth.

Have trust in us and contact us in case you need advice or have a question.

Get a professional check-up without leaving your home!

We offer a virtual dental examination. Learn more!

Full or complete dentures

A complete denture replaces all teeth of one jaw, so we have upper and lower dentures.

The base of a complete denture is made of acrylate, a type of lightweight, biocompatible plastic that has been used in dentistry for many years.

Artificial teeth are installed on the base, which can also be made of acrylate or a higher-quality ceramic material.

In addition to possessing the appropriate physical and chemical properties for long-term use and durability, acrylic plastic also has the required aesthetic properties and its colour perfectly imitates the gums which it partially replaces.

Stomatološka poliklinika Apolonija, Zagreb, centar: potpuna gornja i donja zubna proteza.
Complete upper and lower denture

In order to remain attached to the jaw, vacuum is applied at the acrylic base between the base and soft tissues of the palate, jaw ridge, and tissue under the tongue.

That is why we must guarantee a precise and quality adhesion of the base along the shape of the jaw ridge and soft tissues.

The procedure of making a complete denture

Making a full or complete denture takes about 15 days. The procedure also requires 6 to 7 visits to our clinic during that time.

A tradition of quality in the Apolonija Dental Clinic

In addition, we would like to stress that here at the Apolonija Dental Clinic, we follow a prosthetic protocol which will guarantee a high quality denture in terms of function and aesthetics.

We are proud to use the special methodology for making dentures that is the legacy of Dr. Mira Jukić-Lauc, who has been the leading expert for making dentures in Croatia for years.

Stomatološka poliklinika Apolonija, Zagreb centar: doktorica Mira Jukić-Lauc.
dr. Mira Jukić-Lauc, dr.med.dent.

Dr. Jukić-Lauc launched a dental practice out of which our clinic grew, and today the tradition of high-quality dental prosthetics in the Apolonija Dental Clinic is kept by  Ivana Toljan , M.Sc., DMD, specialist in dental prosthetics.

Because we follow the traditional rules and approach each prosthesis entirely individually, our patients  are happy with their new and beautiful teeth for many years.

Start: planning a denture

Visit 1: Taking the first dental impression

Stomatološka poliklinika Apolonija, Zagreb, centar: otisak za izradu proteze.
Example of an impression for making a denture

Visit 2: Taking the second dental impression

Visit 3: Reconstruction of the interjaw relationship

Visit 4: Trial front teeth

Stomatološka poliklinika Apolonija, Zagreb, centar: jedna od faza prilagodbe  proteze u zubotehničkom laboratoriju.
One of the stages in the procedure of making a denture

Visit 5: Trial denture

Step 6: Placement of the finished denture

Stomatološka poliklinika Apolonija, Zagreb centar: dovršena potpuna proteza, polirana do visokog sjaja.
Complete upper and lower denture polished to a high shine

Our clinic specializes in dental prosthetics with half a century of tradition based on dental prosthetics.

We will surely find a quality, affordable and long-lasting solution for your lack of teeth.

Have trust in us and contact us in case you need advice or have a question.

Get a professional check-up without leaving your home!

We offer a virtual dental examination. Learn more!

Disadvantages of a complete denture

Although a complete denture is a high-quality and affordable solution to the lack of all teeth, it should be noted that dentures do not have a positive effect on the bone as dental implants do.

This means that, as a result of wearing a denture, the bone is resorbed and decreased. For this reason, a denture becomes uncomfortable or starts to fall out, so it needs to be regularly relined.

Partial denture

As we already said, there are also partial dentures. As the name itself suggests, it is a solution for replacing several, most often a large number of lost teeth.

We use a partial denture if we cannot compensate for the loss of a large number of teeth with a fixed prosthesis, such as a dental bridge, for objective reasons.

The materials used to make a partial denture are acrylic plastic, out of which the base and teeth are made, stainless steel and an alloy called wironit, which we use to strengthen the denture. Teeth can also be made of ceramic materials.

Use of partial dentures

This is a specific type of denture. It allows us to replace several lost teeth with one prosthesis at various places in the same jaw.

For example, sometimes patients lose one or two front teeth, but also teeth at the back of the jaw, both on the left and on the right side. A partial denture allows us to replace them all with one prosthesis instead of several.

Stomatološka poliklinika Apolonija, Zagreb centar: primjer parcijalne ili djelomične zubne proteze, s kvačicama i drugim retencijskim elementima.
One variant of a partial denture

How does a partial denture work?

A classic partial denture primarily uses the remaining teeth and surrounding tissues for support.

Along with them, we always use retention elements such as clasps, attachments, rests and the like, made of metal, in order to strengthen and stabilize the denture.

The disadvantage of such a classic way of retention and stabilization is the visibility of wires and clasps that hold the denture in place.

Another disadvantage is that the retention elements of such dentures often require preparation and shaving of  natural teeth.

For this reason, combinations of a classic partial denture with fixed prostheses and dental implants were developed over time.

Thus, as means of fixing and stabilizing partial dentures, a dental bridge or crown may be used, then the so-called telescopic crowns and special attachments on dental implants ( bars and balls).

The role of these retention elements is not only to fix and stabilize the denture, but also to transfer chewing forces.

That is why today partial dentures that combine a mobile prosthesis and fixed retention elements on dental implants are most widely appreciated.

This combination is the best solution to compensate for the function and aesthetics of several teeth we want to replace.

How is a partial denture made?

Since there are many variants and materials for making a partial denture, the procedure differs depending on the construction of the denture.

In case of a classic mobile partial denture, the procedure is much shorter and simpler than if we combine it with fixed prostheses and dental implants.

A classic partial denture

The first step is extensive diagnostics  and talking to the patient about their expectations. If the best solution for the patient is this type of denture, the procedure is similar to making a complete denture:

Taking imprints.

Stomatološka poliklinika Apolonija, Zagreb centar: proces izrade parcijalne zubne proteze.
Making a partial denture

Trial denture.

Making and placing a permanent denture.

A combined partial denture

If we combine a partial denture with fixed prosthetic supplements and dental implants, the procedure is much longer and more complex.

First you need to place all fixed prostheses or dental implants, and then, as already described, the mobile part of the partial denture is made.

Read more about the installation of dental implants on our website “Dental implant procedure in Apolonija”.

Did you find out what you wanted to know?

In this article you have learned more about complete and partial dentures. You may want to learn more about the following topics:

Our clinic specializes in dental prosthetics with half a century of tradition based on dental prosthetics.

We will surely find a quality, affordable and long-lasting solution for your lack of teeth.

Have trust in us and contact us in case you need advice or have a question.

Get a professional check-up without leaving your home!

We offer a virtual dental examination. Learn more!